Vi berättar om Augustas resa och om den första generationens turister på 1800-talet.
Vi berättar om Augustas resa och om den första generationens turister på 1800-talet.
Midsommar 1845 tillbringade Augusta och hennes mamma vid Gustafsbergs badinrättning i Uddevalla. Jag skrev om mamma Annas förberedelser i förra veckans blogg. Gustafsberg benämns som Sveriges äldsta badort. Som brunnsort har den en ännu äldre historia.
På 1780-talet hade man som en del av behandlingen börjat komplettera brunnsdrickandet med salta bad och Gustafsberg kan därmed betraktas som Sveriges första badort. Kurorten blev populär 1804, när Gustav IV Adolf sänt sin sjuklige 4-årige kronprins till Gustafsberg för behandling. Bland andra Lars Johan Hierta, Fredrika Bremer, Esaias Tegnér och August Blanche besökte badet. Barnhusdirektionen lät år 1814 uppföra två varmbadhus, ett med sju rum och ett med sex. I det senare tilläts även de fattiga ta sig ett gratisbad. Båda badhusen finns kvar, idag konverterade till vandrarhem. (Wikipedia)
Säkert hade man ett fint midsommarfirande här 1845. Midsommarstång och lövade verandor prydde säkert den lilla badorten. Och säkert spelade brunnsorkestern och gästerna var finklädda. Men jag tror att man fokuserade på att dricka vatten från de två surbrunnarna. Inte som idag när vi dricker helt andra drycker till midsommar. Men just 1845 framfördes faktiskt ”Helan går” för första gången, inte just i Gustafsberg, men den ingick i operetten Modehandlerskan av Franz Berwald! Man kan kanske tänka sig att den typen av romantiska operetter turnerade runt på de svenska bad- och brunnsorterna vid denna tid. Under somrarna stängde konsertlokalerna i städerna och musikerna fick jobb just på brunnsorterna.
Sara och jag börjar vår sommarsejour i Augustas spår veckan efter midsommar. Det blir besök på slott, gårdar, kyrkor och brunnsorter i Östergötland, Västergötland och Södermanland. Sedan deltar vi i 1800-talsveckan på Torekällberget i Södertälje under tre dagar och berättar om Augusta och hennes värld. Kom gärna dit 29 juni-1 juli!
Vi avslutar sommarsejouren med en ångbåtsutflykt till Mariefred 4 juli.
I am reading Lotten Westman’s letter to Augusta, dated 15 April 1846. It is full of gossip about who is engaged to whom, who came to visit, and who talked about whom. There are so many names mentioned – who were they?
“Do you know, I find Augusta Sjöstedt just as boring now as when she sat in school with open mouth and read German verses, do you remember that? And how her legs were always in my way? But it was a fun time! “
So who was Augusta Sjöstedt? I easily find her – Augusta Amalia Jakobina Sjöstedt, born 16 July 1829 and, in 1850, married to Adam Henrik Carlheim-Gyllensköld. Her parents were Jacob Sjöstedt (b. 1785) and Sofia Ulrika Richnau (b. 1800).
Jacob Sjöstedt was a wealthy brewer in Stockholm, just like Lotten’s father.
I check out the city census of 1845 and find him and his wife, children, and servants listed in his neat handwriting.
At the bottom of the page, there is also a paragraph about a girl living with them:
”In addition, Demoiselle Elisabeth Lowisa Wallroth, born 29 April 1827, is staying with us as a traveler during the winter months. She is a resident of her father’s household, the estate owner and merchant Carl Johan Wallroth in Philipstad.”
Searching on Elisabeth Lowisa (or Louisa) Wallroth is like hitting the jackpot. Those cherries line up and I can imagine Google adding the sound effects. Did she became famous later in life???
In 1909 when, for the first time, the Nobel Prize in literature was awarded to a woman, the recipient, in her acceptance speech, mentioned her mother:
”Deep within me, however, was a wondrous joy at receiving this Prize, and I tried to dispel my anxiety by thinking of those who would rejoice at my good fortune. There were my good friends, my brothers and sisters and, first and foremost, my old mother who, sitting back home, was happy to have lived to see this day.”
The recipient was Selma Lagerlöf and her mother was Elisabeth Louisa Lagerlöf, born Wallroth, the girl who was living with the family of Augusta Sjöstedt, who in turn was the girl Lotten Westman had described as pretty boring.
So it is most likely that all these girls went to the same school and had Mrs Edgren as a teacher: our Augusta, Lotten Westman, Augusta Sjöstedt, and Louisa Wallroth.
And our Augusta and Augusta Sjöstedt were in the same confirmation class according to the records of first communion in the Jacob parish in Stockholm.
The next girl I need to find is Dora from Nora. I don’t even know where to start. My best guess is to start with wealthy families in the town of Nora in the 1840s.
Denna vecka börjar sommarlovet för många skolbarn. Mina egna har sedan länge slutat skolan, men fortfarande finns det något fantastiskt med denna tid när sommaren och sommarlovet känns oändligt. Sara skrev i veckan om att hon äntligen hittat Augustas lärare och skola. Jag vet hur många timmar hon lagt ner på att försöka hitta den och även jag gläds verkligen över att vi nu vet hur Augustas första tre skolår i Stockholm såg ut.
Våren 1845 studerade Augusta fortfarande i Stockholm. Vi vet inte var, men hon brevväxlade med mamma Anna hemma på Loddby. Anna planerade för en brunnsvistelse i Gustafsbergs badinrättning i Uddevalla under sommaren. I ett brev från april 1845 skriver hon:
”Jag har grufligt brått beständigt, jemte 1000 utgifter för denna kostsamma resa, vi måste vara nere till midsommar afton och måste nödvändigt vara her åter en 8tta dagar för Lejdenfrosts hemkomst, så att en 8ta dagar får vi väl med af andra therminen, det är mycket rum tagna redan till den första så jag tror ej att det blir så litet fara. ”
Hon skriver också om att Augusta borde se över sin svarta sidenklänning, kanske komplettera med svarta spetsar.
”det är nödvändigt på ett sådant plagg, du kan ej jemt vid brunn springa i din lilla blå”
”Nu låter jag putsa upp din halmhatt att ha i vardagslag, jag skall sända den ner han blir färdig. Jag har ej råd att köpa mer än en som får lof bli nogorlunda vacker.”
Sommarsejouren vid Gustafsberg var viktig. Hela tiden handlade det om att träffa de rätta människorna och underförstått den rätta blivande maken för Augusta.
Och medan Augustas mamma bokar rum för midsommar och veckorna efter, gör jag detsamma för Sara och mig. Vi ska ut och åka lite veckan efter midsommar och titta på de gårdar vi inte hunnit med tidigare. Och så ska vi övernatta på Hjulångaren Eric Nordewall II, som är en replika av den båt Augusta åkte med 1850 till Göteborg. Just nu är jag färdig med min nya sommarklänning i 1840-talsstil. (Jag kan ju inte jemt springa runt i min gamla Ikeaklänning, så nu har jag sytt en ny av gamla IKEA-gardiner 😉
Som en liten sommarhälsning kommer här den vackraste sommarvisan av dem alla. Ja, den heter faktiskt ”en sommarvisa” i 1695 års utgåva av psalmboken.
Den blomstertid nu kommer
Med lust och fägring stor:
Nu nalkas liufwe sommar
Då gräs och örter gror;
Den blida sol upwärmer
Alt hwad har warit dödt;
Då hon oß skrider närmer
Blir det på nyo födt.
Lotten Westman’s Letter to Augusta, Stockholm, 18 December 1845.
”Lucky Augusta who gets letters from Mrs. Edgren! Greet her a thousand times from me. Tell her that I still worship her as warmly as when I said goodbye to her for the last time, and when I start talking about them, it is always an inexhaustible topic and at those times, I forget both time and place and it takes me back to the happy times when I was educated by them; when a smile and a friendly word by Mrs Edgren sent me to the seventh heaven. Tell her all this, and say that if in the future, whether I get ever so happy or unhappy, I will never forget them. Oh, when I just think of them, I get overly joyous.”
In the fall of 1845, Lotten and Augusta are discussing their previous teacher, Mrs Edgren. Both girls have finished their education and now keep in touch by writing letters. Many letters mention Mrs Edgren. At what school did she teach?
Googling Mrs Edgren (Swedish: Fru Edgren) doesn’t help. There was another famous Mrs Edgren in Stockholm in the latter half of the 1800s (see footnote), but she was younger than Augusta. And no Mrs Edgren shows up in searches in city or national archives. It is frustrating – I know she existed, but there is no record of her.
This is where creative thinking might help. Why was a married woman a teacher? A married woman might only have resorted to teaching if she was a widow. And her husband must have belonged to the upper class if his wife was educated enough to teach in a private school. Could he have been an officer in the army? That could explain Augusta’s family’s connection with the Edgrens. My search has to widen.
Two nights in a row, I read everything I can find about Edgren families in Sweden – genealogy discussion groups and the like. The second night, my search takes me to a digitized book about Swedish families, published in the 1800s, with genealogy of a family Edgren from Åmål, Sweden. I read about the sons, Johan Fredrik and Per Adolph, who were educated in Uppsala. Suddenly, in the middle of the page about Johan Fredrik’s life, I read the following:
“Pastor Edgren … started in 1838, together with his wife, a larger, very famous educational institute for girls in Stockholm; was, according to the speech at his funeral, an accomplished man of the world and one of the diocese’s, not to mention the country’s, most educated priests.”
It is past midnight and I have to get a glass of wine to celebrate this victory and to slowly read all the details I can now find about Mrs. Edgren.
The paragraph about Pastor Johan Fredrik Edgren continues:
“Married 29 May 1838 in Anholt, The Rhine Province, Germany, with Lovisa Carolina Wilhelmina Dethmar, born 9 September 1802 at Reckenburg, … dead 30 January 1853 in Morup’s vicarage.”
Now I dive into church records, digitized newspapers from 1838 – 1844, and archives of building permits.
Pastor Johan Fredrik Edgren was born in Åmål in 1797, studied in Uppsala and got is his PhD in 1827. He then became a pastor in Stockholm and a private teacher in the af Ugglas family at Forsmark. In 1832, he became a chaplain in the army’s “Andra Lifgardet”.
On 20 August 1838, the following ad was placed in the newspaper Daglig Allehanda:
At the beginning of October, the undersigned aim to open an educational institute for a small number of girls, where teaching will take place from 8:30 am to 1:30 pm in Science, Languages, and Drawing, and during two days a week, from 3 pm to 5 pm in handicrafts. The tuition is 80 Rdr or 100 Rdr Banko for a year. The location is Stora Vattugränden.
Fr. Edgren (Batallion Chaplain) L. Edgren (born Dethmar)
Stora Vattugränd, N:o 3.
In 1842, the address of the Edgrens, and presumably their school, is House No. 12, Stora Wattugränd – close to Clara Church.
Augusta started school in the fall of 1841. One could presume that this is the school she attended until the summer of 1844.
In February of 1844, there was an official bulletin in the daily papers announcing the appointment of Pastor Edgren to vicar at Morup’s parish in the province of Halland. That meant, they had to close the school and move from Stockholm to the west coast of Sweden. I search Morup’s church records and find that they were registered as becoming members of the parish on 1 July 1844.
And that put’s Augusta’s mother’s letter of 23 March 1844 in a new light. She was probably searching for a new school and new lodging for Augusta if she was to continue her education in Stockholm in the fall of 1844 (which she did):
Loddby the 23rd, Saturday evening
“My beloved child, I have now written to Mrs Edgren and asked her where and with whom I shall let you stay; we will see if she knows a suitable place for you if you need to remain [in Stockholm]. It is truly a great sacrifice of me to let you stay up there for another year, I need you so much at home.
… It would be helpful and fun for both of you if Cecilia Kock made sure that she came to the same place as you – tell her that. Now ask Mrs. Edgren to find a good place for you and I will take care of the agreement when I come up. By the way, ask how much Miss Hellberg* charges and find out what kind of person she is and with what kind of people she socializes, and if she can bring out into society those in her charge. It is very important to find a place that has a good reputation and where people are known for their honorable character. If you can find a place where they daily speak a foreign language, that would be good for you. Tell Mrs Edgren that. If she knows of such a family and they could take you in, that would be very good. I think she knows many foreign families.
… Write to me soon and tell me what you know, also what Mrs. Edgren has said about you remaining in Stockholm, if she thinks that’s what you should do. On Wednesday, I sent you your black everyday dress – I hope you have picked up the package. I hope you like it. There were also a pair of black silk gloves.
God bless you my own child and make you as happy as your mother wishes.”
*Lotten was living with Miss Hellberg.
Augusta’s whereabouts in 1844-1845
In November 1844, we know that Augusta is still studying in Stockholm and is now living with the family of Baroness Jaquette Ribbing. Not a foreign family but certainly one that met all the other wishes regarding reputation, character, and high society.
There are no records of her schooling from this time, but based on correspondence, it seems like she studied in Stockholm through the spring of 1845.
Another school to find!
What happened to Mrs Edgren and her family?
The Edgren family consisted of Mr and Mrs Edgren and their 3 children:
Carl Gustaf Julius Edgren was born in 1839, received technical training, and later worked in various industries in Scotland, England, and Sweden.
Albertina Amalia Sophia Theresia Eugenia Adelheid Emilia was born in 1840 and married a medical doctor, Professor Adolph Kjellberg.
Fredrika Lovisa Cecilia Edgren was born in 1844.
Mrs Edgren died 30 January 1853, at the age of 50, from ”chest sickness.” That was a term used for anything related to pain in the chest. Her grave at Morup has two marble tombstones – an urn and a broken column which symbolizes a life that was cut short.
There is a much more famous Mrs Edgren: Anna Charlotta Edgren (1849-1892), born Leffler. Anna Charlotta and her 3 brothers grew up in an intellectual home in Stockholm. Their father, Johan Olof Leffler, PhD from Uppsala, became a teacher and principal of boy schools in Stockholm. Anna Charlotta got her early education at the Wallin School, married Gustaf Elias Edgren, and became a famous writer. She later divorced him and married an Italian mathematician. Her oldest brother, Gösta Mittag-Leffler, became the first professor of mathematics at Stockholms Högskola (which later became Stockholm University) and started the Institute Mittag-Leffler.
Anna Charlotta’s father-in-law, Per Adolph Edgren, an army medical doctor, was Pastor Johan Fredrik’s younger brother. So Anna Charlotta’s husband’s aunt was Augusta’s teacher, Mrs Edgren.